- , pentangle, pentagramA five-pointed star made by drawing a single line as interlocked triangles, also sometimes called Solomon's Seal, or the Endless Knot, used as a powerful protective symbol; now often regarded as the essential mark of a magician.It is first found in ancient Greece and the Near East as a decorative pattern on coins and buildings, and was a symbol of the perfect universe (four elements plus spirit) among Gnostics and Neoplatonists in the early centuries ad. It reached medieval Europe via Jewish and Arab culture, and was reinterpreted in Christian terms as an emblem of the Five Wounds of Jesus, guaranteed to put demons to flight. In the 1660s, Aubrey had a clergyman friend who always headed his letters with it; this custom had once been widespread, 'for good-luck's sake' (Aubrey, 1686/1880: 51).Medieval legend said that either this design or the six-pointed star had been engraved on a seal-ring used by Solomon to control demons. The author of *Gawain and the Green Knight calls the 'pentangle' on Gawain's shield 'Solomon's Sign', but interprets it in terms of the Five Wounds, five senses, five virtues, and the Five Joys of Mary. A pentagram within a circle was the basis for most of the complex protective patterns drawn on the ground by ritual magicians of the Renaissance (and later) when summoning or banishing spirits; modern magicians sometimes extend the term 'pent-acle' to cover any disc engraved with magic symbols, reserving 'pentagram' for the five-pointed star itself. When it is displayed vertically (e.g. when worn as a medallion), it has one point upwards if the intention is protective; since the late 19th century occultists have regarded a pentagram with two points upwards as sinister, even Satanic, though this distinction does not appear in older writings.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
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pentacle — [ pɛ̃takl ] n. m. • av. 1555; lat. médiév. pentaculum ♦ Didact. Étoile à cinq branches (en occultisme). ● pantacle ou pentacle nom masculin En occultisme, toute figure géométrique tendant à exprimer une structure universelle, et à l intérieur de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Pentacle — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Death Metal Gründung 1990 Website http://www.pentacle.nl/ … Deutsch Wikipedia
pentacle — (n.) 1590s, from M.L. pentaculum, a hybrid coined from Gk. pente five (see FIVE (Cf. five)) + L. culum, dim. suffix. But the exact origin is obscure. Italian had pentacolo anything with five points, and Fr. pentacle (16c.) was the name of… … Etymology dictionary
Pentacle — Pen ta*cle, n. [Gr. ? five.] A figure composed of two equilateral triangles intersecting so as to form a six pointed star, used in early ornamental art, and also with superstitious import by the astrologers and mystics of the Middle Ages. [1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
pentacle — ► NOUN ▪ a pentagram. ORIGIN Latin pentaculum … English terms dictionary
pentacle — [pen′tə kəl] n. [MFr < ML pentaculum < Gr penta ,PENTA + L culum, dim. suffix] a symbol, usually a five pointed star, formerly used in magic … English World dictionary
Pentacle — A pentacle (or pantacle in Thelema [Crowley, Aleister. Liber CLXV . Available [http://www.hermetic.com/crowley/libers/Liber165.pdf here] . Accessed 21 June 2007.] ) is an amulet used in magical evocation, generally made of parchment, paper or… … Wikipedia
Pentacle — Un pentacle est un talisman ou une amulette d évocation magique, habituellement réalisée en parchemin, papier, métal ou en un autre matériau, sur laquelle sont dessinés des symboles en relation avec l esprit, l énergie... qui est évoqué. Le… … Wikipédia en Français
pentacle — noun Etymology: Medieval Latin *pentaculum, probably from Greek pente Date: 1594 pentagram … New Collegiate Dictionary
pentacle — /pen teuh keuhl/, n. 1. pentagram. 2. a similar figure, as a hexagram. [1585 95; < It pentacolo five cornered object. See PENTA , CLE1] * * * … Universalium
pentacle — noun /ˈpɛnt.ə.kl̩/ A pentagram, especially a physical one used for magical or mystical purposes … Wiktionary